What is toothache?
A toothache or a tooth pain is caused when the nerve in the root of a tooth or surrounding a tooth is irritated. It can be caused by anything from popcorn hull stuck in your gum to a broken tooth, dental infection, decay or any bacterial infection. Minor toothaches from a temporary gum irritation can be treated at home by following certain home remedies for toothache. However, major toothache must be consulted by a professional.
Why does toothache occur?
Toothache occurs from the inflammation of the central portion of the tooth called pulp. This pulp contains nerve endings, blood vessels that are very sensitive to pain. So, when these pulp are irritated by any bacterial infection or dental cavity, it causes severe pain.
• Dental cavities
• Bacterial infection
• Tooth fracture
• Eruption (ex-wisdom teeth)
• Infected gums
• Grinding teeth
You can prevent future dental problems by flossing, brushing with fluoride toothpaste and professionally cleaning your teeth twice a year. It is recommended that children’s teeth should be clean by applying sealants and fluoride by dentist.
• Toothache can cause severe pain to pressure or the hot or cold stimuli. As the area of inflammation increases, the pain becomes more severe, this pain may radiate to the cheek, the ear, or the jaw.
• A bad odor from the mouth.
• Swelling around the tooth.
• Bleeding or discharge from around a tooth or gums.
• Swollen glands.
When to seek a medical care for Toothache?
You should see your dentist if you experience any of the following symptoms:
• trouble breathing or swallowing
• general pain that lasts more than one or two days
• pain when you bite
• abnormally red gums
• foul-tasting discharge, or pus
However, A severe toothache requires an immediate help from a professional, but a minor toothache can be treated at home by following these home remedies.
Home remedies to treat toothache
1. Salt water rinse
A salt water rinse is considered to be the effective first-line treatment. The salt water can loosen debris or food particles stuck between your teeth. Salt is a natural disinfectant, hence it help to reduce inflammation and heal any oral wound.
Stir 1/2 teaspoon of salt into a glass of warm water and rinse your mouth with it.
2. Hydrogen peroxide rinse
Hydrogen peroxide have the ability to reduce plaque and heal the bleeding gums. A 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide helps to reduce inflammation and pain.
To use it, mix 3 percent hydrogen peroxide with equal parts of water and rinse your mouth thoroughly. Don’t swallow it.
3) Cold compress
You can use cold compress to relieve any pain you are experiencing. It is proved that cold compress helps to constrict the blood vessels around the tooth. Cold press also relieves the tooth from inflammation and swelling.
Hold a cold compress of ice wrapped in a towel to the painful area for 20 minutes. Repeat every few hours.
4) Peppermint tea bags
A peppermint tea bags can be used to numb pain and soothe sensitive gums.
To do this, take a used peppermint tea bag, it should still be slightly warm and hold this warm tea bag against the affected area to get results.
For several years, Garlic is used not just as a spice but also as a medicine for its amazing medicinal properties. Not only garlic kill harmful bacteria that causes dental plaque as it contains the antimicrobial allicin but it also acts as a pain reliever.
To use this, crush a garlic clove to create a paste and apply it to the affected area. You can even add a pinch of salt to the paste.
6) Vanilla Extract
The Vanilla extract contains alcohol which when applied to the affected area can numb the pain temporarily. And its antioxidants help the area to heal.
To use this, dab a small amount of vanilla extract onto your finger or a cotton ball. Apply it directly to the affected area a few times per day.
Clove is a natural antiseptic that numbs pain and reduces the inflammation. Clove has been used to treat toothaches or gum infections since history. It contains eugenol, which is a natural antiseptic.
To use this, dab a small amount of clove oil onto a cotton ball and apply it to the affected area. Or add few drops of clove oil into the small glass of water and rinse your mouth thoroughly.
In some parts of the world, herbalists use different parts of different plants to help a toothache.
1) Guava leaves
2) Wheat grass
4) Mango bark
5) Tobacco leaves
6) Coconut shell
7) Sunflower leaves